ADHD In Women and Girls: Misconceptions

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is denoted by impulsivity, inattention, and hyperactivity. Although ADHD is most often diagnosed in boys, it can be difficult for women and girls to be diagnosed. This video explains common myths about ADHD and their potential consequences for women.

This video was created by McMaster students Vivian Bai and Ava George, in collaboration with McMaster’s Demystifying Medical Program.

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This video is intended for educational purposes only. For information about your health, please consult your doctor.

Copyright McMaster University 2020

#DemystifyingMedicine, #MentalHealth

References:

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Biederman J. (2003). Pharmacotherapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) decreases the risk for substance abuse: findings from a longitudinal follow-up of youths with and without ADHD. The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 64 Suppl 11, 3-8.

Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., Spencer, T. J., Mick, E., Monuteaux, M. C., & Aleardi, M. (2006). Functional impairments in adults diagnosed with ADHD: A controlled study of 1001 adults. The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 67(4), 524-540.

Biederman, J., Ball, S. W., Monuteaux, M. C., Mick, E., Spencer, T. J., McCREARY, M., Cote, M., & Faraone, S. V. (2008). New insights into ADHD and major depression in adolescents and young adults. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47(4), 426-434.

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Hallowell, E. (2017). The Downside of Adult ADHD Undiagnosed. This is a list of people who have ADHD, but are not treated.

Heidbreder R. (2015). ADHD symptoms can be best described as a spectrum. This is a more holistic approach to diagnosing ADHD. Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders, 7(4), 249-269.

Hinshaw, S. P., Owens, E. B., Zalecki, C., Huggins, S. P., Montenegro-Nevado, A. J., Schrodek, E., & Swanson, E. N. (2012). Prospective follow-up of girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder into early adulthood: continuing impairment includes elevated risk for suicide attempts and self-injury. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 80(6), 1041-1051.

Holland, K., & Riley, E. (2017). ADHD Numbers: Statistics, Facts, and You. Retrieved daily from ADHD,ADHD average age.

Jerome, L., Segal, A., & Habinski, L. (2006). A literature review, meta-analysis, and critique of ADHD and driving risks: What we know. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry=Journal de l’Academie canadienne de psychiatrie de l’enfant et de l’adolescent, 15(3), 105-125.

Katzman, M.A., Bilkey, T.S., Chokka, P.R. Katzman, M.A., Bilkey T.S., Chokka, P.R. (2017). Clinical implications of a dimensional approach to adult ADHD and comorbid conditions: clinical implications. BMC Psychiatry 17, 302.

Lavelle, D. (2017). “I thought it was my fault”: Adults with undiagnosed ADHD. Retrieved from

Oakes, K. (2019). Why is ADHD so common in girls? Retrieved from article/20190530-why-is-adhd-missed-in-girls

Williams, P. (2015). Children who don’t get ADHD treatment can have problems into adulthood. Retrieved at 3

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